15 Dec 2014
The dapper Boston Terrier is one of the few breeds that was entirely developed in the United States. He is a true All-American. Gentle, lively, and highly intelligent, the Boston Terrier makes a wonderful companion. He is particularly well-suited to apartment life and being a house pet.
Although they may not look like it today, the Boston Terrier was originally developed to be a fighting dog. Bostons were originally bred in the stables of Boston, Massachusetts after the Civil War. Almost all modern day Boston Terriers trace their lineage back to an imported dog known as “Hooper’s Judge” who was sold to a man from Boston in 1870. The breed was the result of a cross between an English Bulldog and a white English Terrier. They took the name of Boston Terrier in 1891. The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1893. Much of the progress in developing the Boston Terrier came in the 20th century and the breed became well-loved as a smaller companion dog instead of a fighting dog.
In temperament Boston Terriers are very gentle and they love to be with their owners. They are lively in the home and they typically get along with other dogs and pets. They get along well with children. They are friendly dogs so don’t expect them to act as guards or watchdogs. They don’t usually bark very much which makes them a good choice for people who live in apartments. They are somewhat cat-like in their habits and actions. They are very clean and like to stay that way. They can be stubborn at times but they usually like to please their owners. Boston Terriers are known for having naturally good manners and they are considered to be easy to train. Bostons only need a moderate amount of exercise and grooming is minimal.
Boston Terriers come in three sizes: Under 15 pounds; 15 pounds and under 20 pounds; 20 pounds and not to exceed 25 pounds. The appearance is the same for all sizes. They are short-headed and have a compact body. They have erect ears, short tails and a short muzzle that is usually free of wrinkles.
The coat is short, smooth, bright and fine in texture. Colors include brindle, seal, or black with white markings. Bostons typically give a clean-cut, striking appearance and are easily recognizable.
There are a number of health issues that can affect Boston Terriers. Eye problems such as glaucoma, corneal ulcers, and cataracts can be common in the breed. Mitral valve disease, heart murmurs, epilepsy, and allergic dermatitis can also occur. You can find out more about genetic health issues in Boston Terriers here: http://www.bostonterrierclubofamerica.org/boston-terrier-health/Boston-Terrier-Health-Links.htm
Boston Terriers are a brachycephalic breed, meaning they have a shortened muzzle like some other breeds. This means that they may not be able to tolerate heat or humidity very well. You should not leave a Boston Terrier outside in the heat or allow them to over-exert themselves, especially in warm weather. Bostons may also need special care if they need anesthesia.
Boston Terriers have an average lifespan of 12-13 years but many of them live even longer.
Boston Terriers are considered to be very intelligent dogs and are usually easy to train. Owners say that they can be stubborn at times but they usually have a strong desire to please. While Bostons are not usually the most athletic dogs, you can train them to learn anything you would like to teach them. They are friendly dogs and they will enjoy going out with you, taking classes, and participating in dog events for dogs their size.