Anemia in dogs occurs when there is an insufficient amount of red blood cells in the body. Anemia can occur if the body doesn’t produce red blood cells quickly enough or if red blood cells are being lost too quickly. Anemia isn’t a disease, but is a symptom of an underlying condition. You may be wondering what exactly causes dog anemia?

Causes

This condition can occur for a number of reasons. Traumatic injury is one of the most common causes. Some diseases prevent blood from clotting properly which is another possible cause. Parasites such as ticks, fleas, and worms present another possibility. Hypothyroidism and cancer are other diseases that can cause anemia.

Symptoms

There are various symptoms caused by anemia. Your dog will have pale eyes, gums, and ears since the mucous membranes won’t have any color. It’s also common for dogs to become depressed and sleep more than usual. Other signs that your dog is suffering from anemia include loss of appetite, increased heart rate, and fatigue.

Diagnosis

Supposedly anemic dogs need to be seen by a vet. It’s important that the underlying cause of anemia be found. Blood tests are performed to check for parasites or under-developed red blood cells. The vet may also choose to analyze a stool sample. A bone marrow biopsy may also be performed. This is because leukemia is a common reason for anemia.

Treatment

Severe anemia in dogs has to be treated with a blood transfusion. The underlying cause also needs to be treated. Dogs with a mild case of anemia probably won’t need a blood transfusion.

All owners should know a little something about symptoms of canine illnesses. You can read up on many different potential health problems at dog-illnesses.com. Click over right now.

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