Popular Dog Breeds: Rottweilers

The powerful Rottweiler makes a devoted companion but he is also renowned as a police dog, herder, service dog, therapy dog, and an excellent obedience dog. While these muscular, protective dogs can strike fear in the hearts of intruders, they are often clownish and fun-loving at home with their families.

 

History

The Rottweiler has a long and distinguished history. Their ancestors were the drover’s dogs that were used to herd the cattle and other herds the Romans brought with them into Europe 2000 years ago. The Germans recognized the superior herding and guarding instincts of the dogs and bred for these traits. The result was a dog developed to drive cattle to market in the Rottweil region of Germany. The dogs were also useful to butchers and were used to pull carts. This continued until the mid 19th century when cattle driving was outlawed. The number of Rottweilers declined drastically after this time since there was no work for them to do. After 1901 the Rottweiler began to be favored as a police dog and the breed’s fortunes improved again. The Rottweiler was admitted to the AKC studbook in 1931 and the breed parent club was formed in the U.S. in 1971. Today the breed is very popular in the U.S.

 

Temperament

Rottweilers are devoted to their owners and their families but they are a protective breed. They will protect their territory and they do not welcome strangers unless they are properly introduced. They are generally loving and even comical at home with their loved ones. It’s very important that Rottweilers are well-socialized from the time they are puppies so they will not be overly mistrustful of people. Obedience training is also recommended for Rottweilers. They are large, strong dogs and they should always be obedient to their owners.

 

These dogs are calm, confident and courageous with a self-assured aloofness. They are very self-confident.

 

Rottweilers do require regular daily exercise. They are active dogs and they need exercise and play as outlets. They love having a job to do and they like to work, so if you can do obedience, agility, or another activity with your Rottweiler, he will be very happy. Rottweilers are very intelligent dogs and they learn easily. They require a minimum of coat care.

 

Appearance

Rottweilers are medium-large robust and powerful dogs with a compact and substantial build that denotes great strength, agility and endurance. They have a black, short-haired coat with rust to mahogany markings. They stand 22 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 77 and 130 pounds. They are double-coated and the coat is short, hard, and thick.

 

Health

Rottweilers are considered to be a relatively healthy breed. However, they are not an especially long-lived breed. According to breed surveys, the average lifespan of Rottweilers is approximately 9-10 years. There is currently research being done to learn more about the Rottweiler’s lifespan.

 

Rottweilers can be prone to hip dysplasia, like many larger, heavier dogs. Osteochondrosis Dessicans (OCD) which is a joint problem affecting the shoulder or elbow, can also occur in Rottweilers. Better breeders usually x-ray the hips and elbows of breeding stock before breeding.

 

Rottweilers can also have eye problems with entropion and ectropion (eye lid issues). Full dentition (having all of their teeth) and a proper scissors bite are also issues in the breed. If you are thinking of getting a Rottweiler you should talk to the breeder about these issues.

 

Rottweilers also seem to be prone to some kinds of cancer which is a common cause of early death in the breed. Rottweilers, along with other black and tan dogs, seem to be more susceptible to parvovirus. This is a highly contagious disease that occurs in dogs, especially puppies and young dogs. Vaccination against this disease is very important, starting when a puppy is a few weeks old.

 

Rottweilers usually enjoy eating and they can tend toward obesity. If you are getting a Rottweiler you should manage his meals appropriately and make sure that he gets plenty of exercise throughout his life. Do not overfeed your dog.

 

Training

Rottweilers are very smart dogs who like to work and enjoy having a job to do. They are usually easy to train. Early socialization and lessons in basic obedience are recommended. Many Rottweilers are also food-motivated which also helps with training. Rottweilers can excel at many activities including obedience, agility, herding, rally, and other dog sports.

| RSS feed for comments on this post

Comments are closed.