“If you saw a dog going to be crushed under a car, wouldn’t you help him?

-Oskar Schindler

When you’re living in a country where the temperature goes down to minus degree, and you can’t tolerate the cold, how your canine companion behave? Did you try to notice that ever? Do it cuddle up in the bed under a cozy blanket? It also has a tough time in this frosty condition.

It’s high time to show a little extra care for your pet at home during winter. There are some tips below which can make it healthy, safe and happy in this cold weather.

Danger in the cold

Frostbite

The dog can suffer from frostbite. When it’s exposed to cold for a longer time, tissue might get damaged severely. At this moment, the dog pulls the blood from the extremities to the center automatically, and ears, paws or tail get cold. There’re various symptoms you can notice for it:

  • Discoloration of the skin like- grey or bluish.
  • Very cold to touch
  • Ulcers on the skin
  • Dead skin
  • Pain or swelling

Treatment:

You may not notice the sign of frostbite immediately as they develop after the exposure. Look for veterinary as soon as possible to avoid any complication and infection. Besides, as first aid, you can warm and rewarm with warm water of 104 -108 degree Celsius. Dry afterward and keep your pet warm.

Hypothermia

 

If you find your pet’s temperature getting down below the normal range, then you’ve to understand that your pet has caught Hypothermia. It’s a life-threatening condition if it goes untreated and unrecognized. The symptoms include:

  • Shivering
  • Low heart rate and respiratory rate
  • Collapse
  • Lethargy
  • Muscle stiffness

Treatment:

Consult with the veterinary care as soon as possible. On the other hand, as a first aid treatment, re-warm your pet with a warm blanket or hot water and dry it up.

Dangerous Chemicals

Antifreeze

It’s a deadly poison. Just a small amount of it can be fatal. It tastes sweet, and thus dogs try to lick it wherever they get. So try to clean all the spill.

 

Ice melters

Wash your pet’s feet off after coming from outside. Salts and ice melts are commonly known as the skin irritant. If your dog has long fur, clean the stomach area properly.

Indoor Bed With Cozy Bedding

During winter, make an arrangement for an indoor bed for your pet. When the temperature drops, don’t keep the pet outdoor.

Again, when your dogs are inside, don’t let them sleep on a cold floor. Make a cozy bedding. Provide warm blankets to create a comfy environment. Besides, make a raised bed so that they don’t come in contact with the tiles or cold floor.

To keep the bed warm avoid using heated pet mats. This is because there can be the risk of burns or fire. So it’s better not to go for heated pet mat.

Keep The Places Clean

As a dog owner you might have been aware of this issue that, there’re a lot of risks of getting your dog sick.
Again, there are several diseases that get transmitted from dog to human.

So, keep the places where your dog lives, eats, plays, sleeps and passes time clean of dog waste. It’s better to clean the dog wastes with a pooper scooper rather than using hands along.

Add A Little Bit More Food; But Not Overfeeding

From the study of Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine,  you can offer 10-15% more food to your pet to provide extra calorie during winter. This is because the dog uses own energy when it gets cold. But excess food can even cause diarrhea or gastrointestinal trouble.

For extra food ensures that it adds coat not a layer of fat. A raw meat based diet can ensure a healthy coat and thus good energy for the cold winter

Paw care

During winter time, it’s better to use dog booties. Your dog can suffer from cracked pad. Again, the salt or ice can also burn the pads. Don’t allow your dog to lick it off after coming from outside rather rinse it or wipe it.

Proper grooming

Don’t shave the pet’s fur during winter rather keep it longer. Bath your dog with warm water and keep it dry after bathing. You can also switch to waterless shampoo if needed. Trim the nails with clippers and clean the dog’s pad properly.

Keep your dog hydrated

Dog dehydrate very quickly in summer and winter. So keep water bowl nearby your dog. It’ll eat snow to get out of dehydration. But don’t allow it to eat because it might cause stomach upset.

Proper training

  • Train your dog properly so that it can enjoy the winter weather condition
  • Have a loose leash for avoiding any accident in the slippery road
  • Recall it frequently so that the dog can avoid frozen body of water while coming towards you
  • Make the foot-wiping, a part of your daily routine. And reward your pet your allowing you to examine and clean the foot pad.

Take care of the senior dog

The cold weather worsens the health condition in dog mainly the one suffering from arthritis. Make its resting area soft and warm and be careful while walking on the slippery road. During winter, the dog gets ill easily like a human being.

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