Dog First aid – Abrasions

Time and time again, a dog owner has to deal with the injuries sustained by the pet. Dog owners are aware of the boundless energies of their pets. As such, dogs are often injured. The dogs injuries can result from dog fights. Dogs trailing a prey would run at top speed and enter thorny thickets. Dogs run very fast and a screeching sound can be practically heard when they try to break the momentum. These adventures results to serious and not so serious injuries. Dogs would limp because of thorns embedded on the paws. The dog can be impaled with a sharp tree branch. Dogs sustain various injuries and the pet would be lucky if an accident only results to minor abrasion.

Abrasion is a minor scrape on the outer layer of the dog’s skin. Because the skin is protected by fur, abrasion does not commonly occur in dogs . Dogs though are very active animals and it would not be unheard of if the top layer of the skin gets injured from being rubbed against hard and rough surfaces. The grinding of the skin against a gravel road or against rocky surfaces can injure the upper layer of the skin. A dog that was hit by a speeding car will be thrown or dragged along the road. Abrasion can also be caused when a tight collar continuously rubs the neck area of the dog. The dog can damage the outer layer of its skin by mutilating itself. Bored dogs or dogs infested with external parasites have the tendency to incessantly gnaw and lick a body part until abrasions are formed.

Generally, abrasion is not a serious concern. Usually, grazes or scrapes are not heavy bleeders as in most cases the epidermis is not affected. There will be no scarring unless the subcutaneous layer of the skin is damaged. First aid treatment for abrasion will be necessary to prevent the wound from getting infected. To save the dog from pain associated with abrasion the dog has to have first aid treatment.

Minor abrasions can be treated at home. Clip the fur away from the affected skin. This must be done to prevent infection and to speed up the healing process. Clean the abraded skin with a saline solution. A solution made from 2 cups of water and a teaspoon salt can also be used to irrigate the wound. All the dirt and debris must be removed from the wound.

A topical antibiotic cream must be applied to the wound three times a day. Bandaging a small abrasions is not necessary. However, abrasions on the feet have to be protected with a non-stick dressing to prevent infection from setting in.

Find out more about abrasions and first aid for dogs at Sarah’s Dogs.