Popular Dog Breeds: Pomeranians

Pomeranian Dog

Pomeranians are confident, animated, outgoing little dogs who can make wonderful companions. They are a compact, active Toy breed and known as one of the smallest dogs in the world. They have an alert personality and a foxy little face. Although they are small, they demand lots of attention.


The Pomeranian is a spitz-type dog descended from the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland. The spitz dogs from Pomerania (part of Germany and Poland now) weighed about 30 pounds and they were good at herding sheep. These larger dogs were recognized by the Kennel Club in England in 1870. Queen Victoria saw them in 1888 in Italy and fell in love with them, bringing some home to England. They became very popular at that point. Since that time they have been bred to be the small size they are today. They no longer herd sheep. Today they are kept as companions. They were first recognized by the AKC in 1888.


Poms are outgoing, intelligent dogs who love to please. They’re very cocky, active little dogs and they can make excellent family dogs with the right training for the dog and for the family. They are usually better with older children who will be careful not to fall on the little dogs or play too roughly with them. Poms are extroverted and vivacious. They are friendly, happy dogs with a docile temperament. They don’t require much exercise but they are energetic little dogs and they need lots of attention from their owners. They often bond very closely with their owners and they can be territorial in the home. Barking can be a problem.


The Pomeranian usually stands 5 to 11 inches tall at the withers and weighs from 3 to 7 pounds, although they can look bigger because of all the hair. They have a dense double coat that requires frequent brushing. The undercoat is short and dense while the outercoat is harsh and longer. They have a heavily-plumed tail that is set high and lies over their back, giving the impression of even more hair. The coat forms a ruff around the head that frames it. They can come in all colors, patterns, and variations although orange and red are the most popular. The dogs have a definite foxy expression.


The Pomeranian is generally a very healthy breed. However, there are some issues which can crop up such as luxating patella (slipped kneecap), tracheal collapse (which can occur from pulling against the leash – harnesses are preferred). A rare problem is alopecia ex or black skin disease when the skin turns black and the dog loses hair. Like some other Toy breeds, Poms can have problems with their teeth so feeding dry food is recommended, along with regular brushing and dental care.

Pomeranians are a long-lived breed and their life-span is generally 12-16 years.


Pomeranians are very smart dogs and, despite their small size, training is recommended for them from an early age. Most owners are inclined to spoil these dogs because they are cute and small which can lead a Pom to terrorize the household to get his way. They can become spoiled rotten very quickly. Treat your Pom like a dog and not a small child. Take him to puppy pre-school or puppy kindergarten classes. Take him to basic obedience classes. Yes, he will look adorable out there with the big dogs, but he should learn obedience just like other dogs. If you don’t train your Pomeranian from an early age, he will develop some bad behavior problems no matter how cute he is. Just because he’s small and cute doesn’t mean he can’t bite and turn into a little devil if you don’t make him behave.