The basic reason dogs have tear stains on their face is because they are shedding tears instead of the tears draining properly into their tear ducts. There can be other reasons for dogs to have tears. Short-nosed breeds often have shallow eye sockets which cause the normal tears to fall out onto the dog’s face. In some cases a dog will have excess tearing because he has hair around his eyes that irritate them or which “wick” the tears out of the eyes and onto the face. There are also some other reasons due to eye structure or eye problems such as an eye infection or glaucoma, or an irritation caused by an eyelash rubbing against the eye.

All dogs can have tears on their face but staining is most noticeable if you have a white dog.  This is because the tears will come in contact with bacteria or red yeast on your dog’s face and produce a reddish stain that is easy to see on a white dog.

Depending on the reason why your dog has tear stains, there are often ways to minimize their appearance. If your dog has tear stains because he has shallow eye sockets, such as with the short-nosed breeds, you can’t change the shape of his eye sockets, but you can do some things to keep the stains at bay. If your dog has tear stains because of a constant eye irritation, you can keep the hair around his eyes trimmed and see a vet about any eye infection or glaucoma.

If your dog has tear staining because of a problem with eyelashes that turn in or an eyelid problem, there are some surgical options. You can talk to your vet about what he or she might be able to do to fix the problem.

You can make the tear stains less noticeable in the following ways:

  • Antibiotics: Some owners use tetracycline or tylosin to reduce or eliminate tear stains. It’s probably not a good idea to use these antibiotics indefinitely since they can lead to drug-resistant bacteria in some cases.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar: Many owners swear by apple cider vinegar added to food and drinking water to reduce or eliminate tear stains. They use raw apple cider vinegar from a product that still has the “mother” in the jar. They add a tablespoon a day to the dog’s food or water. The acidity in the apple cider vinegar is supposed to keep the tears from staining when they come in contact with any bacteria on the dog’s face. It’s a theory anyway.  Some people like to add ½ to a whole Tums to their dog’s food each day. Like the apple cider vinegar, the Tums will change the pH in your dog’s tears slightly and stop the tear stains.
  • Distilled Water: According to many people, giving your dog distilled water to drink can help eliminate tear staining.
  • Grooming Products. There are many grooming products you can use to remove or whiten tear stains. You can use hydrogen peroxide to clean the tear stains off your dog’s face. There are also products made specifically for tear stains which work for some dogs. Angel Eyes is popular with many owners.
  • Wash your dog’s face: You should wash your dog’s face on a daily basis, making sure to gently remove any staining under the eyes. Be careful to clean around the eyes and examine them for any problems.

You may not be able to stop  your dog’s tears but you should be able to make any stains less noticeable by using one of these methods.

Finding A Good Dog Crate

Dog crates have many good uses.  If you have a medium or large dog and you plan to fly with your pet, you will need a crate for the flight.  Crates can be used for house training.  They are great for traveling with your dog in your vehicle and will protect him in case of an accident.  And, many dogs like to sleep and hang out in their crate at home.

 

Crate differences

There are two basic kinds of dog crates:  wire crates and hard plastic crates.  Both kinds of crates can be good choices, depending on why you need a crate for your dog.  The cost of the crates is similar, so that will probably not be a deciding factor for you.  Both kinds of crates can be broken down or taken apart and put together rather easily, so that, too, will probably not be too influential, although wire crates are usually more portable if you are going to training classes or taking your dog someplace local.

 

Hard plastic crates

If you will be flying with your dog on a plane, you will need to get a hard plastic, airline-approved crate.  Airlines are very picky about the crates they allow on planes, for the safety of the dogs, and they do not accept wire crates because they can be bent during a flight, which could crush a dog.  Most hard plastic crates are airline-approved but you should look for this label or statement to make sure.  Hard plastic crates have ventilation holes so air can circulate and they have a wire grill for a door so your dog can see out and have more air.  Under ordinary circumstances a dog is safe in one of these crates and will not escape.

 

They come in two pieces (a top and a bottom) and are put together with screws and knobs around the sides.  They are easily assembled in just a few minutes.  Hard plastic crates have the added bonus of being a good way to travel with your pet in your personal vehicle.  If you should have an accident, the hard plastic will provide some protection for your dog and prevent him from being tossed around the vehicle or thrown out on the road.

 

Wire crates

Wire crates are a good choice for your dog if you go to training classes, dog events such as agility or obedience trials where the dog might have to wait around at the site for a few hours, or if you prefer your dog to be able to see more outside the crate.  Wire crates are more open than hard plastic crates and the dog can feel like he is part of what is going on.

 

They will also work as a way to confine your dog in your personal vehicle but they do not provide as much protection as hard plastic crates.  If you are in an accident, a wire crate can be crushed more easily and your dog could escape.  However, many people who go to lots of dog events with their dogs like wire crates because they are easier to carry than hard plastic crates and more portable.  They are relatively easy to fold up and set up quickly and they collapse into a much smaller space than hard plastic crates.

 

Both kinds of crates are equally good if you will be using a crate at home to help with house training or as a place for your dog to sleep and hang out.

 

Finding a good crate

You can find good crates at your local pet store, online from vendors who sell dog products, and even at your local discount stores and building supply stores.  They are not hard to find.

 

Most crate manufacturers provide a guide that suggests the correct size crate to get for each breed or size of dog.  These guides are usually very accurate and you should follow their recommendations.  It is generally best to get the correct size crate for your dog and not get a crate that is too large.  Crates that are too big for your dog are not safe if your dog is flying or traveling in your car.  The more space there is in the crate, the more your dog can be thrown around in case of a turbulence or an accident, possibly causing injury.  If you will be using the crate for house training, extra space would allow the dog to poop in his crate which would defeat the purpose of using the crate for house training.  However, if your  dog will simply be sleeping in the crate, you can get a crate as big as you like.

 

Conclusion

Crates are great for dogs and most dogs like them once they have been introduced to them.  Which kind of crate you get for you dog is really a matter of personal preference, unless you will be flying on a plane with your pet.  In that case you will need to get a hard plastic, airline-approved crate.  Happy crate training!

Why Is It That Pets Get Tear Stains?

Tear Stains can be unattractive and can actually have an affect on your dog’s physical condition. Many breeds of dogs and even kittens can end up with tear stains. Tear stains seem to be most obvious on pups that have light colored hair. What many puppy owners do not know, is that these types of stains may be attributed to Epiphora, a condition having to do with the tear ducts that causes excessive tears. Epiphora is often brought on by your pet’s response to toxins such as infection, allergies, medical conditions, or lack of a suitable diet. The output of tears is the way in which your dog rids their body of poisons. Another way epiphora might be triggered is when the animal’s tear ducts are obstructed by a foreign object or eyelash. Even the structure of a dog’s eye lids could cause eye watering. Once the tears build up in your dog’s coat, yeast can flourish. Red Yeast is the most popular offender, and it could produce a foul scent. There are several treatment methods to help treat a canine’s tear spots. You need to speak to your veterinarian before attempting any remedies. It might even be worthwhile to consult with an optometrist.

Tear Stain Treatments

If you do not feel comfortable giving your pet medicine, you can consider various natural treatments to remove tear spots. Try giving your canine natural spring water as opposed to using tap water, since there might be a fewer amount of enzymes that might trigger tear stains. Additionally you can place a tiny amount of white vinegar to modify the acidity of the drinking water to restrict microbe development. Consider switching your canine’s food intake by checking out his normal food to see if there might be any ingredients that could be triggering health concerns. Make sure to thoroughly clean your canine’s water dish regularly by cleaning it with very hot water. Keep your pet away from contaminants including vet, fungus, or other toxins. There are different treatments that can be used to scrub or brighten present tear discolorations from hair like peroxide thickened with flour.

While tear duct surgical procedures can be costly as well as invasive, they can permanently cure tear staining by getting to the reason behind the problem. A veterinarian may recommend dog eye drops in some instances. Another option is to incorporate Angels Eyes tear stain remover in your pet’s food. Angels Eyes will prevent your puppy from getting bacterial contamination that induce increased tearing and staining. It is best to try out the most effective and least obtrusive solutions for starters. Always speak to your vet before you start your pooch on any treatment plan.